IM Subspecialities:

    Allergy and Immunology







    Infectious Diseases




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Allergy and Immunology


Clinical Immunology and Allergy is an internal medicine specialty that deals with disorders of the immune system. This includes immune hypersensitivity (asthma, atopic dermatitis, autoimmunity, adverse reactions to environmental stimulants), immunodeficiency, and defects in host defense. Immunologists are also involved in organ transplantation, immunotherapy, and as consultants on the immune aspects of other systemic disesases like lupus or cancer.

Immunologists spend the majority of their time caring for generally healthy patients who respond positively to therapy, mostly working to prevent chronic or recurrent problems. The bulk of an immunologists’ job lies in properly diagnosing and treating various disorders and diseases, but with little pressure, since few of an immunologist’s patients require hospitalization.

Common Disease and Disorders

Immune Hypersensitivity
• Atopic diseases – Atopic dermatitis (eczema), asthma, allergic rhinitis
• Anaphylaxis
• Allergies (eg. drugs, food, chemicals)
• Autoimmunity

Immune Deficiency
• Acquired (eg. AIDS)
• Congenital (eg. SIDS)

Systemic diseases (eg. lupus)

Immune malignancies (eg. lymphoma)

Organ transplantation requiring immunosuppression

Further Advanced Training Opportunities

All Immunology residents receive Royal College certificates, and are eligible for the Certificate of Special Competence in Clinical Immunology and Allergy. There is opportunity for additional training in pediatrics or internal medicine during the 2-year sub-specialty residency.

Gender Breakdown
30 responses (2013 National Survey Results)

Age Breakdown
30 responses (2013 National Survey Results)
Hours Breakdown (Excluding on-call activities)
23 responses (2013 National Survey Results) Note: Too few responses to be considered statistically valid.

Activity Hours Worked (mean)
Direct patient care without a teaching component 27.90
Direct patient care with a teaching component 10.60
Teaching/ educating without direct patient care 2.90
Indirect patient care 7.00
Health facility committees 1.20
Administration 2.60
Research 2.50
Managing your practice 1.80
CME/ CPD (Continuing Professional Development) 4.60
Other actvities 1.20
Total Hours 62.30

Adult Allergy and Immunology Residency Programs in Canada

Contact information for Program Directors can be accessed on the Royal College’s website here: Open in new tab

University of British Columbia
Vancouver, British Columbia

McGill University
Montréal, Quebec

Université de Montréal
Montréal, Quebec

University of Manitoba
Manitoba, Winnipeg

Western University
London, Ontario

Dalhousie University
Halifax, Nova Scotia

McMaster University
Hamilton, Ontario

University of Toronto
Toronto, Ontario

Page Author(s): Brandon Chau (2018); John Haddad (2017)
© 2021 Internal Medicine Interest Group (IMIG) - Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry